The island of Rhodes is at the crossroads of two major sea routes in the Mediterranean, between the Aegean Sea and the Middle East coasts, such as Cyprus and Egypt. As a meeting point for three cultures, Rhodes has met many cultures.
Rhodes is the largest island in the Dodecanese. The capital of the island is at the northern end of the island and is the capital of the prefecture, having in its center the Medieval City. In 1988, the Medieval City was recognized as a World Heritage City. The Medieval City is a mixture of different architectures from various historical periods, dominating the period of stay on the island of the Order of the Knights of St. John, as well as that of the Ottomans.